Difference between revisions of "Printers en printen"

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Bij gebruik van [http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat Adobe Acrobat] versie 8 maakt de PostScript driver printercode waardoor bovenstaande printers vaak blijven hangen met een foutmelding.
 
De printers die dubbelzijdig kunnen printen, zullen bestanden waarin niet expliciet enkelzijdig geselecteerd is, ook dubbelzijdig afdrukken.
 
De printers die dubbelzijdig kunnen printen, zullen bestanden waarin niet expliciet enkelzijdig geselecteerd is, ook dubbelzijdig afdrukken.
 
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When using [http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat Adobe Acrobat] version 8 the PostScript driver generates code which often produces an unrecoverable error on the printers mentioned above.
 
The printers that are capable of duplex (double sided) printing, wil print all documents double sided, except documents that are explicitly marked as being single sided.
 
The printers that are capable of duplex (double sided) printing, wil print all documents double sided, except documents that are explicitly marked as being single sided.
 
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Revision as of 11:19, 9 August 2013

Printers

Some printers are departmental printers, owned by a department, meant to be used only by people belonging to that department. The department has purchased the printer and is responsible for paper, supplies and maintenance.

There are also printers that can be used by everybody. These printers are maintained by C&CZ. In case of problems or complaints about the C&CZ-managed printers, contact C&CZ.

C&CZ also offers the possibility to print posters and such on high quality photo paper with a maximum width of 90 cm. The printer used for this is "Kamerbreed" (wall-to-wall) which was formerly managed by the Graphic Design department.

Below is a list of all C&CZ-managed printers, split up by type. All Ricoh Aficio and Konica Minolta Bizhub printers are also used as kopieerapparaat and color scanners.

Postscript black and white printers

name location brand/type Special
gray HG00.002 Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
escher HG00.019 HP LaserJet 9050 PCL 6 Duplex
einstein HG00.089 Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
volta HG00.501 Ricoh Aficio MP 7000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
sievert HG01.002 Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
toorop HG01.038 HP LaserJet 9050 PCL 6 Duplex
newton HG02.038 Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
joule HG03.002 Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
hertz HG03.038 Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
henry HG03.089 Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-m1-04 M1.04.12-13 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554-bw Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-00-002 HG00.002 Konica Minolta Bizhub C654-zwartwit Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-038 HG01.038 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e-zwartwit Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-ml-01 ML01.10 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible

Postscript color printers

name location merk/type Special
weber HG00.011 Ricoh Aficio MP C2500 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pascal HG01.089 Ricoh Aficio MP C2500 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
ohm HG02.002 Ricoh Aficio MP C2500 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
kelvin HG02.089 Ricoh Aficio MP C2500 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-m1-03 M1.03.04 Konica Minolta Bizhub C654 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-00-129 HG00.129 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-00-011 HG00.011 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-00-509 HG00.509 Konica Minolta Bizhub C654 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-00-627 HG00.627 Konica Minolta Bizhub C654 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-00-825 HG00.825 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-00-089 HG00.089 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-002 HG01.002 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-143 HG01.143 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-013 HG01.013 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-058 HG01.058 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-549 HG01.549 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-761 HG01.761 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-01-089 HG01.089 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-002 HG02.002 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-147 HG02.147 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-345 HG02.345 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-414 HG02.414 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-038 HG02.038 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-556 HG02.556 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-642 HG02.642 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-726 HG02.726 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-832 HG02.832 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-02-089 HG02.089 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-002 HG03.002 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-153 HG03.153 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-214 HG03.214 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364 Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-365 HG03.365 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-365 HG03.365 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-433 HG03.433 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-038 HG03.038 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-517 HG03.517 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-612 HG03.612 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-754 HG03.754 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-03-089 HG03.089 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-fx--1 FX-1.17 Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-m3-01 M3.1.903 Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-04-070a-4 HG04.070A (temp) Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible
pr-hg-04-070a HG04.070A (temp) Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e Duplex, A3, scanning and copying possible


When using Adobe Acrobat version 8 the PostScript driver generates code which often produces an unrecoverable error on the printers mentioned above. The printers that are capable of duplex (double sided) printing, wil print all documents double sided, except documents that are explicitly marked as being single sided.

Driver and settings for Konica Minolta printers

type driver ppd file settings
Konica Minolta Bizhub C654 via Internet Bestand:C654.ppd LU-301 LCT (Large Capacity Tray), FS-534 (Staple function)
Konica Minolta Bizhub C554e via Internet Bestand:C554.ppd LU-301 LCT (Large Capacity Tray), PC-210 (2 extra paper trays), FS-533 (Staple function)
Konica Minolta Bizhub C364e via Internet Bestand:C364.ppd LU-301 LCT (Large Capacity Tray), PC-110 (1 extra paper tray), FS-533 (Staple function)

General remarks/warnings

Do not make lots of copies without testing in advance

Sometimes a print is not want you intended: color instead of black&white, A4 instead of A3 or vice versa, single instead of double sided or vice versa, stripes or unclear prints, etc. Afterwards you can often tell what went wrong, but sometimes even that is not possible. Conclusion: if you want to make lots of copies, first print only one copy. If that produces want you intended, print the rest on the same printer.

Do not use a color printer for black&white prints of a color file

Printing in black&white on a color printer can produce color. The most frequent (but not the only!) problems are:

  • 'lpr -Zg' only works if the file does not contain any printer settings. If it is made by a printer driver (using 'print to file'), then the driver settings take priority.
  • Printing PDF with Acrobat on a color Ricoh printer always seems to produce a color print, despite explicitly selecting the B&W option.

So if you want to be sure that something is printed in black&white (and you want to pay the black&white price), always use a printer that can only print in black&white.

Choose a black&white printer as your default

Having a black&white printer set as default seems to have two advantages. Firstly, the obvious as stated above and secondly, users report less problems opening PDF files.

Printing using Windows

GDI managed PCs

End users on PCs managed by GDI usually have insufficient rights to add printers to their configuration. If you run into such a problem please contact GDI for assistance.

Windows 8

This is a procedure reported by a user to get printers working for Windows8

  • Add Printer
  • Click: The printer printer that i want isn't listed.
  • Choose: Add a local printer or network printer with manual settings.
  • Choose: Create a new port, selecteer daarna Local Port
  • At port name enter: \\printer-srv.science.ru.nl\printernaam, bv \\printer-srv.science.ru.nl\newton
  • Select the correct driver. Click on Windows Update if you cannot find the driver
  • The rest of installing the printer is self explanatory.

Note: In my list of drivers there was no printer driver which matched exactly with type of the printer kelvin. I choose CL2000 PCL5c which seemed to work

Note: Initially in my list of drivers there was also no printer driver which matched exactly with the type of the printer kelvin. However after a few times pressing on the windows update button the right driver appeared. I finally managed to installed the correct drivers for the printers kelvin(icoh Aficio MP C2500 PS) and newton(Ricoh Aficio MP 5000 PS). It is also important that after the driver installation you also set the paper input trays to the right paper format : tray 1: A4, tray 2: A3, tray 3: A4. Also if you have Windows 8 UK you should also set the paper format from letter to A4 in your printing preferences.

Windows 7: Fast installation on a managed Windows 7 PC

Note: Applies to Windows 7 PC's on which you are logged in with your science account.

  • Open Windows Explorer (windows key + e)
  • Type \\printto.science.ru.nl\ in the address bar and hit the return key
  • Double click the printer you'd like to install

Windows 7: for self maintained machines

First attach a network drive from the printer-server, this will show errors if there is something wrong with your login or password. Connecting this network drive can be accomplished in a 'Windows Explorer' window like 'My Documents'. Click on 'Tools' -> 'Map Network Drive...' and choose for the 'Folder:' \\printto.science.ru.nl\printtest.

  • Click 'Start', 'Devices and Printers', 'Add a Printer' en select 'Network printer'
  • Click 'The printer that I want isn't listed' en enter \\printto.science.ru.nl\printername at 'Select by name'
  • Click 'Next', wait some time and then click 'Next' again
  • To be sure, check if Preferences / Properties are on A4 paperformat

Windows2000/XP

First connect a network drive from the printto printer-server, this will show errors if there is something wrong with your login or password. Connecting this network drive can be accomplished in a 'Windows Explorer' window like 'My Documents'. Click on 'Tools' -> 'Map Network Drive...' and choose for the 'Folder:' \\printto.science.ru.nl\printtest (for some old printers youll have to use \\printer-srv.science.ru.nl\printerdrivers).

  • Then you can add a new printer using 'Start' -> 'Settings' -> 'Printers and Faxes', select the printer task 'Add a printer'.
  • Choose 'A network printer ...',
  • choose 'Connect to this printer ...' and type \\printto.science.ru.nl\printername in the 'Name:' field, for example \\printto.science.ru.nl\pr-hg-00-002 (for some old printers \\printer-srv.science.ru.nl\printername.
  • Now you can select to make it the default printer.
  • Finally click 'Finish'.

If you manage your PC or laptop yourself, the most simple solution is to create an account name and password identical to your FNWI account. Then Windows will automatically use the correct account name and password. An other solution would be to connect to the printer using 'Connect using a different user name'.

Windows95/98/ME/NT

Install a printer (\\printer-srv\jansteen as an example):

  • Click: 'Start' -> 'Settings' -> 'Printers'
  • Doubleclick: 'Add Printer'
  • Select: 'Network printer' (but for Windows NT select 'local printer').
  • Network path: \\printer-srv\jansteen
    (for the dbf-domain \\admiraal\jansteen)

Now click several times on 'Next', select 'Default Printer' as needed and deselect 'Would you like to print a test page'. You can change the settings of the printer in de tabs you get when selecting 'Properties'.

For departmental printers it is usually necessary to select the brand en model of the printer, except when C&CZ has added the printer to the Samba list of printerdefinitions (/usr/local/samba/lib/printers.def).

Printing using a Managed Linux PC

With kprinter you can choose your default printer ("Set as Default"). Deselect under System Options that every application should use the last selected printer ("defaults to the last printer used in the application"). To print to a budgetted printer, you need a Kerberos ticket. If your home directory comes from a server which demands NFS4 with Kerberos (e.g. pile and bundle), you should already have a valid Kerberos ticket. The command klist shows your Kerberos tickets and with the command kinit you can get or renew a Kerberos ticket. An old managed Linux PC with cups 1.2 (Fedora 7) cannot use Kerberos tickets. On those PCs have have to type your password every time to print to a budgetted printer.

To show a printer queueu, use lpq. All other ways, like the graphical application, always show an empty queue.

The print system for Linux machines differs a lot from the Sun machines, but the warning mentioned for Sun machines also holds for the Linux machines.

Printing using other Linux machines

In linux one can choose to print the same way Windows-machines do, through SMB to a Samba-server.

  • As device URI, type smb://username:password@printer-srv.science.ru.nl/printername, where you have to fill in your own username and password and must use the offical name of the printer in printername. You might be unable to put your password directly in the URI if your password contains special signs. To overcome this problem you can replace the special sign by a '%' (percent sign) followed by it's hexidecimal code. For example, if your password contains an '!' (exclamation mark) you can replace it with '%21'.
  • An alternative method to create a cups printer is the command lpadmin -p PrinterName -v smb://Username:Password@Server/Printer -P /path/to/yourprintermodel.ppd.
    • The package smbclient is required in order to use a Samba-printer. When using Debian Wheezy, an easy GUI for setting up printers using samba is provided by the system-config-printer package.

Detailed instructions for openSuSE 11

  • Ask C&CZ to give your PC a permanent IP addres and name.
  • Ask the owner of the printbudget to add your "login" name to the list of users that is allowed to use the printer. This can be done by the printbudget owner using http://dhz.science.ru.nl, choose "printing". However: only C&CZ can give permission to print from a computer that is not in the list of "C&CZ trusted" machines. For this purpose C&CZ has to give the command: "printbudget -g budgetname -m +user@host".
  • Start the SuSE setup tool YAST, give root password.
  • Choose: "Hardware", "Printer", "Print via network".
  • Click "connection wizard", "Line printer daemon (LPD) protocol".
  • In "Connection settings, IP Address or Host name" enter "printer-srv.science.ru.nl".
  • Enter queue name: "hertz" (or any other network printer).
  • Select manufacturer: "Ricoh" (check brand of printer).
  • Click on "Test connection", the reply should be "Test OK" after a few seconds.
  • Click "OK".
  • At "Find and assign driver; search for:" enter "Generic".
  • Choose default paper size "A4".
  • At "Set arbitrary name" enter name of queue, e.g. "hertz".
  • To select a driver, scroll to bottom of the list for "Generic PostScript level 2 Printer Foomatic/PostScript.
  • Click "OK".
  • Wait for "Creating New Printer Setup" to finish.
  • You will go back to the printer configuration menu. Click on "Edit" to modify the queue that was just created.
  • Click on "options", select "Duplex/double sided printing" and choose "DuplexNoTumble" and "OK".
  • Enter "printer location", make sure "Accept Print Jobs" and "Enable Printing" are selected.
  • Optionally, select "Use as Default".
  • Back in the "Printer Configurations" menu click "Print Test Page" (select two pages to test double sided printing). Warning: if you are still "root" the printqueue may not accept these test pages.

Printing using a MacOS machine

OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard) and 10.7 (Lion)

  • Open “System Preferences”, select “Print & Fax”
  • Press the ”+” button, it will open the “Printer Browser”
  • Click in the Toolbar on "Advanced" (if unavailable: right click on the menu en choose "Customize Toolbar... ", drag the "Advanced" icon into the Toolbar)
  • Enter requested data:
    • Type: Windows
    • URL: smb://printer-srv.science.ru.nl/printername
    • Name and location: make your own choice. Select the (precise) printer model.
  • Click “Add”.
  • When printing your first job the printer will show some error message. Click on 'Resume'. A dialog requesting credentials will appear. Provide your science account and password. You could add these credentials to your 'Key Ring'.
  • and you’re done!

Note: It may be necessary to supply your username and password in the URL, as explained below for MacOS 10.5. If there is a ; (semicolon) in your password, this will lead to problems.

OS X 10.5 (Leopard)

  • Open “System Preferences”, select “Print & Fax”
  • Press the ”+” button, it will open the “Printer Browser”
  • Click in the Toolbar on "Advanced" (if unavailable: right click on the menu en choose "Customize Toolbar... ", drag the "Advanced" icon into the Toolbar)
  • Enter requested data:
    • Type: Windows
    • URL: smb://loginnaam:wachtwoord@printer-srv.science.ru.nl/printernaam
    • Name and location: make your own choice. Select, if you desire, the precise printer model.
  • Click “Add”, and you’re done!

OS X 10.4 (Tiger)

  • Open “System Preferences”, select “Print & Fax”
  • Press the ”+” button, it will open the “Printer Browser”
  • Now, press ALT and then click (with ALT still down) “More Printers”, and a dialog box appears
  • The top selector should be on “Advanced”, and the second selector should be on “Windows Printer via SAMBA”
  • As device name you can choose the name which you prefer to refer to the printer
  • As device URI, type smb://username:password@printer-srv.science.ru.nl/printername, where you have to fill in your own username and password and must use the offical name of the printer in printername
  • Select, if you desire, the precise printer model (for example HP Laserjet 4200 series printer with 500-sheet input tray and duplex unit and 64 MB memory)
  • Click “Add”, and you’re done!

Printing using a Sun machine

The online manual man lpr describes all options of the lpr command. These options are only applicable to text- en DVI- and for PostScript documents which have no explicit printer dependencies.

Whenever documents are created on a PC, then the options in the document - options that where set in the printerdriver at the time of printing - always have precedence over the lpr-options. The lpr-options also have no influence when printing PCL or PDF documents.

Beware: This implies that printing, using the lpr -Zg document.ext can result in unexpected, 'expensive' color pages.


Some examples for the printer vermeer:

Command Description
lpr -Pvermeer report.dvi A4, double sided
lpr -Pvermeer -gsigma report.dvi A4, double sided, of budget "sigma"
lpr -Pvermeer -Zs report.dvi A4, single sided
lpr -Pvermeer -Zs,c=10 report.dvi A4, single sided, 10 copies
lpr -Pvermeer -Za3 cola.ps A3 (and single sided)
lpr -Pvermeer -Zf cola.ps Transparancy (and single sided :-)


Costs

You have to pay per page for all printers. The costs of a printjob (number of pages * page price) are automatically deducted from your budget. You need to have a (positive) budget.

Beware: if there is just one single color pixel on a page, the printer will register a color page and your budget will be charged for color.


name price per page Special
all PostScript laserprinters € 0,035 A4 black&white
all PostScript color laserprinters € 0,23 A4 color
all PostScript color laserprinters € 0,495 transparancy black/white
all PostScript color laserprinters € 0,69 transparancy color
all PostScript color laserprinters € 0,16 A3 black/white
all PostScript color laserprinters € 0,55 A3 color
nicolas € 1,40 always transparancy


Medio 2005 the page prices were recalculated and determined. Rules used in calculation: 1) C&CZ does not make a profit from printing, 2) page prices are the same on all printers and 3) all costs (initial purchase, maintenance, paper, supplies, headerpages) are included in the calculation. The price for a black&white page is based on the costs for pages printed by a black&white laserprinter like the HP4350DN. De surplus costs of the more expensive color laserprinters like the HP9500HDN are included in the price of a color page.

Binding, cutting, stapling, ...

In the Faculty Library you can buy binders for your reports, etc. Also there is a cutting tool, a 23 hole punch and several staplers. All Ricoh and Konica Minolta printers can staple automatically.

Near HG03.089 one can also find a cutting tool, a 23 hole punch and a big stapler.

Using different paper types

If you want to print on something other than plain paper (60-81 g/m^2), then you need to specify the paper type. In kprinter you need to select Properties and choose the right paper type. For example if you use 82-105 g/m^2 paper on a Ricoh printer, choose Middle Thick; for 106-253 g/m^2 choose either Thick, Thick 2 or Thick 3 with increasing thickness.

If you don't do this, the printer ink might not stick to the paper well enough, which leads to ink stains on both your documents and the printer itself.

Note: These options are not available when you print using the command line.

Print projects

Cups

Print project Cups C&CZ project to implement IPP (Internet Printing Protocol) printing. Targeting Linux and Macintosh computers, to provide a better printing service for budgeted printing. But this will also make printing to budgeted printers easier for students and employees who administer their own Windows computers.

Peage

Print project Peage Campus wide printing project to provide uniform budgeted printing, copying and scanning on Radboud University campus, initially for students. A PoC (Proof of Concept) with ca 100 students started in June, 2010.